This page contains a collection of the main and most useful resource-related datasets (plus a few others used in my research).
Most analysis by economists using natural resource data requires linking them to some other dataset of interest – for a far more comprehensive collection of socio-economic development data I highly recommend Markus Eberhardt’s DevEconData.
Oil and gas data:
Giant Oil and Gas Fields of the World (Compiled by M.K. Horn) //download//
PRIO Petroleum Data (Petrodata) //download//
Mineral Resource Data System: Global (USGS) //download//
Raw Materials Database (RMG/SNL) (subscription-only)
Other resource-related data:
Wealth of Nations (World Bank) //download// Country-level natural capital and resource rents data
Resource Governance Index //download//
Socio-economic and political rights data:
Indonesian Family Living Survey (RAND) //download//
Nighttime Lights Time Series (NOAA) //download//
Gridded Population of the World //download//
Augmented Freedom House Political Rights Index//download//
Polity IV //download//